“Endoscopy can be a diagnostic or therapeutic procedure that allows for the visualization, biopsy (obtaining tissue samples for testing) and surgery of your pet’s internal organs and structures.”


Although endoscopy is a less invasive approach than most surgeries, it is still a procedure that typically requires the use of general anesthesia. After the procedure, the patient is observed and monitored until the effects of the anesthetic have worn off. Recovery and healing is often quick, as very little tissue was damaged by the process.

How is Endoscopy used in Exotic Animal Veterinary Medicine?

Endoscopy is commonly used to explore and various systems including the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract, urogenital tract and oral cavity (allows for a detailed oral/dental exam in rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, and other small rodents).

There are two kinds of endoscopes. Flexible endoscopes are most appropriate for the assessment of larger animals. Rigid endoscopes, the kind used at SEAVS, provide a clearer image and are useful for smaller animals. The scopes use fiber optic technology to provide a clear picture of the internal structures, which is in turn is magnified and displayed on a monitor.